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Idioms by topic:

  1. Hometown
  2. Work
  3. Sport & fitness
  4. Family
  5. Relationships
  6. Home
  7. Technology
  8. Music
  9. Movies
  1. Travel
  2. Study
  3. Environment
  4. Money
  5. Likes & dislikes
  6. Changes
  7. Decisions
  8. Emotions
  9. Quiz
Idioms for common topics on IELTS Speaking Part 1

1. Hometown

  • Hive of activity – a place where a lot is happening
    New York is a hive of activity. There’s always something to do, even at night!
  • Second to none – the best, better than everything else
    I truly believe my town is second to none. It’s just a great place to live!
  • Middle of nowhere – a place that is very remote, far from any city/town
    I was born in the middle of nowhere. The nearest shop was 20 miles away!
  • Hustle and bustle – To have many activities, a crowded and modern place
    I love living in London. I always wanted the hustle and bustle of a big city.
  • A stone’s throw (from) – very close to
    My apartment is just a stone’s throw from the centre of Paris.

2. Work

  • Go the extra mile – to do more than is expected of you
    I’m a hard worker and always go the extra mile to make sure my team does well.
  • Pull one’s weight – to do a fair share of the work
    There’s always one guy at work who doesn’t pull his weight.
  • Follow one’s heart – do what you feel is right for you
    After university, I decided to follow my heart and become a doctor.
  • Raise one’s game – improve the standard of your work or performance
    When I started working at Nike HQ, I really had to raise my game!
  • On the dole – receiving unemployment benefit from the state welfare system
    When I was between jobs, I was on the dole for about 6 months.

3. Sport & fitness

  • In perfect shape – be very fit, in top physical condition
    I’m not in perfect shape these days, but I used to run marathons regularly.
  • Make the cut – be selected, meet the right standard
    I tried out for the local hockey team last year, but I didn’t make the cut.
  • Give it one’s best shot – try one’s hardest
    Our football team lost in the final, but at least we gave it our best shot!
  • Couch potato – lazy person who likes to lie around on the sofa
    I’ve been a couch potato during lockdown! I really should join the gym now.

4. Family

  • Rule the roost – to be in charge, be the boss
    When we were kids, my eldest brother definitely ruled the roost. He was always telling us what to do!
  • Black sheep – to be different from others
    I was always considered the black sheep of the family because I didn’t want to go to university.
  • Born with a silver spoon in one’s mouth – to be born into a wealthy and privileged family
    I must admit that I was born with a silver spoon in my mouth. I have had a very comfortable life.

5. Relationships

  • Get on like a house on fire – to get along really well with someone
    I was apprehensive about living with my colleague Juan, but now we get on like a house on fire.
  • Rub each other up the wrong way – not get on well, argue, clash
    Me and my sister have always rubbed each other up the wrong way. I guess we’re just very different people.
  • On the same wavelength – to click, have a great understanding
    John’s my best friend. We’re just on the same wavelength.

6. Home

  • There’s no place like home – home is a very special place
    I love living away at university, but there’s no place like home.
  • Fly the nest – leave family home forever
    I’m not ready to fly the nest yet. I want to find a good job and apartment first.
  • Get on the property ladder – buy first house
    Mortgages are a big responsibility, but I think it’s important to get on the property ladder as early as possible.
  • Creature comforts – household items that give added comfort
    I can’t do without my creature comforts – a comfy bed, electric blanket and widescreen TV in the bedroom!
  • Get homesick – miss home badly when away
    I used to get homesick all the time, but now I’m used to living abroad.

7. Technology

  • Go viral – quickly become popular on the internet
    The company’s Youtube clip went viral and boosted sales by 200%.
  • Not rocket science – not difficult or overly complicated
    Some say even basic coding is super hard, but it’s not rocket science.
  • Run out of steam – lose momentum, decrease in popularity
    To be honest, I think Facebook has run out of steam. Instagram is way more popular these days.

8. Music

  • One-hit wonder – person/band that had only one hit song
    Many bands become famous for a great song, but are never seen again. I guess it’s easier to be a one-hit wonder!
  • On full blast – at maximum volume
    I like putting my music on full blast, but my neighbours always complain!
  • Be into (a type of music) – like, enjoy listening to
    I used to be into heavy metal, but I’m more into drum’n’bass right now.

9. Movies

  • Be on the edge of one’s seat – very excited, nervous
    The new Bond movie had us on the edge of our seats.
  • Live up to the hype – to be as good as people hoped it will be
    I was sure the new Marvel movie was going to be a disappointment, but it really lived up to the hype!
  • A household name – famous person who everyone knows
    Because of his great success as an actor, Robert De Niro has become a household name.

10. Travel

  • Hit the road – to start a journey or leave a place
    If I’m going on a long journey, I always like to hit the road early and beat the traffic.
  • Off the beaten track – far from civilisation, away from people/tourists
    Whenever I travel, I prefer to stay off the beaten track. I hate touristy places!
  • Travel light – to bring few items on a trip
    I’m only going for the weekend, so I plan to travel light.
  • Everything but the kitchen sink – a lot of items/things
    When my Australian friend comes to stay, she brings everything but the kitchen sink!
  • Live out of a suitcase – travel a lot, and therefore be limited to the contents of a suitcase
    My job involves so much travelling that I practically live out of a suitcase.

11. Study

  • Hit the books – to study
    I can’t party with my friends much because I need to hit the books.
  • Learn (something) by heart – to memorise something
    When you’re at Med School like me, you have to learn a lot of anatomical terms by heart.
  • Pass with flying colours – to pass a test easily and with a high score
    At school, I struggled with Maths while others passed with flying colours.
  • Teacher’s pet – the teacher’s favourite student
    I have to admit I definitely was the teacher’s pet at school!
  • Take it one step at a time – do something slowly and methodically
    In my experience, it’s not easy to learn a new language. You just have to take it one step at a time.
  • Bookworm – someone who reads a lot, a geek
    My brother reads 5 hours a day. He is such a bookworm!

12. Environment

  • The great outdoors – all outdoor space, wild nature
    We all need to escape the city and enjoy the great outdoors from time to time.
  • Neck of the woods – area
    We often go camping, but I had never been to that neck of the woods before.

13. Money

  • Throw money down the drain – waste money
    When you rent an apartment, you’re basically throwing money down the drain!
  • Keep the wolf from the door – have just enough money to buy food/essentials
    My grandparents were not rich. In fact, they barely had enough money to keep the wolf from the door.
  • Live from hand to mouth – to spend all your daily wage on essentials
    Many families in the poorer parts of my country live from hand to mouth.
  • On a shoestring (budget) – do something without spending a lot of money
    I’m going travelling around Europe on a shoestring this summer because I don’t have a lot of money.
  • In the money – rich, have a lot of cash
    If I’m working as a top lawyer in 5 years from now, I really will be in the money.
  • Strapped for cash – be poor, not have a lot of money
    When I was a uni student, I was always strapped for cash!

14. Likes & dislikes

  • Not my cup of tea – something that is not to your taste
    Art galleries are not my cup of tea. I always get bored and head to the nearest café!
  • Up one’s street – like it, suits
    I’m not into horror movies at all. I’d say rom coms are more up my street.

15. Changes

  • Turn over a new leaf – change the way you behave and become a better person
    I think New Year’s resolutions are good if you want to turn over a new leaf.
  • Take stock (of something) – To think carefully about a situation so that you can decide what to do about it
    In my opinion, we all need to take stock of what is happening with climate change today. Then we can make positive changes together.
  • Kick the habit – stop doing something harmful that you have done for a long time
    I’ve been biting my nails for years, but I really want to kick the habit.
  • Water under the bridge – about an event that has passed and is not important or relevant now, forgotten/forgiven
    I used to fight with my sister when we were kids, but it’s all water under the bridge now.
  • Find one’s feet – get used to a place or situation, settle/adjust
    When I first moved to the UK, it took me several months to find my feet.

16. Decisions

  • (Sit) on the fence – be undecided, not take a position
    I’d say I’m on the fence when it comes to the issue of tuition fees. I can understand both arguments, but…
  • Change of heart – change one’s mind, reconsider
    I really wanted to live alone at university, but when I made friends, I had a change of heart and moved into a shared house.
  • At a crossroads – decision point
    I think I’m at a crossroads – either I need to find a job or I need to continue my education.

17. Emotions

  • My heart sank – I felt disappointed
    I must admit my heart sank when I received my exam results. I should’ve tried harder at school!
  • Beside oneself – to be overcome with emotion (good or bad)
    I was beside myself when Man United lost in the final minute of the match!
  • On tenterhooks – nervous about what is going to happen next
    The whole country was on tenterhooks, waiting to see when lockdown would end.



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